Publications

Since the beginning of our collaborative research, more than 300 publications were achieved.

2019

Garcia‐Quintana, Y., P. Courtois, X. Hu, C. Pennelly, D. Kieke, and P. G. Myers (2019): Sensitivity of Labrador Sea Water formation to changes in model resolution, atmospheric forcing, and freshwater inputJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Müller, V., D. Kieke, P. G. Myers, C. Pennelly, R. Steinfeldt, and I. Stendardo (2019): Heat and Freshwater Transport by Mesoscale Eddies in the Southern Subpolar North AtlanticJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Rhein, M., C. Mertens, and A. Roessler (2019): Observed transport decline at 47°N, western AtlanticJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

2018

Greatbatch, R. J., M. Claus, P. Brandt, J.-D. Matthießen, F. P. Tuchen, F. Ascani, M. Dengler, J. M. Toole, C. Roth and J. T. Farrar (2018): Evidence for the maintenance of slowly varying equatorial currents by intraseasonal variabilityGeophysical Research Letters

Lyu, G., A. Köhl, I. Matei, and D. Stammer (2018): Adjoint‐Based Climate Model Tuning: Application to the Planet Simulator, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems

Mathis, M., A. Elizalde, and U. Mikolajewicz (2018): Which complexity of regional climate system models is essential for downscaling anthropogenic climate change in the Northwest European Shelf?Climate Dynamics

Mathis, M., A. Elizalde, and U. Mikolajewicz (2018): The future regime of Atlantic nutrient supply to the Northwest European ShelfJournal of Marine Systems

North, R. P., K. Jochumsen, and M. Moritz (2018): Entrainment and energy variability along the descending path of the Denmark Strait overflow plume, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Rhein, M., R. Steinfeldt, O. Huhn, J. Sültenfuß, T. Breckenfelder (2018): Greenland submarine melt water observed in the Labrador and Irminger SeaGeophysical Research Letters

Stammer, D., A. Köhl, A. Vlasenko, I. Matei, F. Lunkeit, and S. Schubert (2018): A Pilot Climate Sensitivity Study using the CEN Coupled Adjoint Model (CESAM)Journal of Climate

Wu, Y., T. Park, W. Park, and M. Latif, M (2018): North Atlantic climate model bias influence on multiyear predictability, Earth and Planetary Science Letters

2017

Bordbar, M. H., T. Martin, M. Latif, and W. Park (2017): Role of internal variability in recent decadal to multidecadal tropical Pacific climate changesGeophysical Research Letters

Breckenfelder, T., M. Rhein, A. Roessler, C. W. Böning, A. Biastoch, E. Behrens, and C. Mertens (2017): Flow paths and variability of the North Atlantic Current: A comparison of observations and a high-resolution modelJournal of Geophysical Research

Fu, Y., J. Karstensen, and P. Brandt (2017). On the meridional ageostrophic transport in the tropical AtlanticOcean Science

Hahn, J., P. Brandt, S. Schmidtko, and G. Krahmann (2017): Decadal oxygen change in the eastern tropical North AtlanticOcean Science

Herrford, J., P. Brandt, and W. Zenk (2017): Property changes of deep and bottom waters in the western tropical AtlanticDeep-Sea Research, Part I

Jochumsen, K., M. Moritz, N. Nunes, D. Quadfasel, K. M. Larsen, B. Hansen, H. Valdimarsson, and S. Jonsson (2017): Revised transport estimates of the Denmark Strait OverflowJournal of Geophysical Research

Kiko, R., A. Biastoch, P. Brandt, S. Cravatte, H. Hauss, R. Hummels, I. Kriest, F. Marin, A. M. P. McDonnell, A. Oschlies, M. Picheral, F. U. Schwarzkopf, A. M. Thurnherr, L. Stemmann (2017): Biological and physical influences on marine snowfall at the equatorNature Geoscience

Langehaug, H. R., D. Matei, T. Eldevik, K. Lohmann, and Y. Gao (2017): On model differences and skill in predicting sea surface temperature in the Nordic and Barents SeasClimate Dynamics

Mastropole, D., R. S. Pickart, H. Valdimarsson, K. Våge, K. Jochumsen, and J. Girton (2017): On the hydrography of Denmark StraitJournal of Geophysical Research Oceans

Mathis, M., A. Elizalde, and U. Mikolajewicz (2017): Which complexity of regional climate system models is essential for downscaling anthropogenic climate change in the Northwest European Shelf?, Climate Dynamics

Matthiessen, J.-D., R. J. Greatbatch, M. Claus, F. Ascani, and P. Brandt (2017): The emergence of equatorial deep jets in an idealised primitive equation model: an interpretation in terms of basin modesOcean Dynamics

Müller, V., D. Kieke, P. G. Myers, C. Penelly, and C. Mertens (2017): Temperature flux carried by individual eddies across 47°N in the Atlantic OceanJournal of Geophysical Research Oceans

Müller, V., H. Pohlmann, A. Düsterhus, D. Matei, J. Marotzke, W. A. Müller, M. Zeller, and J. Baehr (2017): Hindcast skill for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N within two MPI-ESM decadal climate prediction systemsClimate Dynamics

Pätsch, J., H. Burchard, C. Dieterich, U. Gräwe, M. Gröger, M. Mathis, H. Kapitza, M. Bersch, A. Moll, T. Pohlmann, J. Su, H. T. M. Ho-Hagemann, A. Schulz, A. Elizalde, and C. Eden (2017): An evaluation of the North Sea circulation in global and regional models relevant for ecosystem simulationsOcean Modelling

Reintges, A., T. Martin, M. Latif, and W. Park (2017): Physical controls of Southern Ocean deep-convection variability in CMIP5 models and the Kiel Climate ModelGeophysical Research Letters

Reintges, A., M. Latif, and W. Park (2017): Sub-decadal North Atlantic Oscillation variability in observations and the Kiel Climate ModelClimate Dynamics

Reintges, A., T. Martin,, M. Latif, and N. S. Keenlyside (2017): Uncertainty in twenty-first century projections of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in CMIP3 and CMIP5 modelsClimate Dynamics

Rhein, M., R. Steinfeldt, D. Kieke, I. Stendardo und I. Yashayaev (2017): Ventilation variability of Labrador Sea Water and its impact on oxygen and anthropogenic carbon, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A

Scharffenberg, M. G., A. Köhl, and D. Stammer (2017): Testing the Quality of Sea-Level Data Using the GECCO Adjoint Assimilation Approach, Surveys in Geophysics

Zantopp, R., J. Fischer, M. Visbeck, and J. Karstensen (2017): From interannual to decadal: 17 years of boundary current transports at the exit of the Labrador SeaJournal of Geophysical Research Oceans

Zhou, G., M. Latif, R. J. Greatbatch, and W. Park, W (2017): State-Dependence of Atmospheric Response to Extratropical North Pacific SST AnomaliesJournal of Climate

2016

Böning, C. W., E. Behrens, A. Biastoch, K. Getzlaff, and J.L. Bamber (2016): Emerging impact of Greenland meltwater on deepwater formation in the North Atlantic OceanNature Geoscience

Brandt, P., M. Claus, R. J. Greatbatch, R. Kopte, J. M. Toole, W. E. Johns, and C. W. Böning (2016): Annual and semi-annual cycle of equatorial Atlantic circulation associated with basin mode resonanceJournal of Physical Oceanography

Burmeister, K., P. Brandt, and J. F. Lübbecke (2016): Revisiting the cause of the eastern equatorial Atlantic cold event in 2009Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans

Carson, M., A. Köhl, D. Stammer, A. B. A. Slangen, C. A.  Katsman, R.  S. W. Van de Wal, J. Church, and N. White (2016):  Coastal sea level changes, observed and projected during the 20th and 21st centuryClimatic Change

Claus, M., R. J. Greatbatch, P. Brandt and J. M. Toole (2016): Forcing of the Atlantic equatorial deep jets derived from observationsJournal of Physical Oceanography

Danabasoglu, G., S.G. Yeager, W.M. Kim, E. Behrens, M. Bentsen, D. Bi, A. Biastoch, R. Bleck, C.W. Böning, A. Bozec, V.M. Canuto, C. Cassou, E. Chassignet, A.C. Coward, S. Danilov, N. Diansky, H. Drange, R. Farneti, E. Fernandez, P.G. Fogli, G. Forget, Y. Fujii, S.M. Griffies, A. Gusev, P. Heimbach, A. Howard, M. Ilicak, T. Jung, A.R. Karspeck, M. Kelley, W.G. Large, A. Leboissetier, J. Lu, G. Madec, S.J. Marsland, S. Masina, A. Navarra, A.J.G. Nurser, A. Pirani, A. Romanou, D.Salas y Mélia, B.L. Samuels, M. Scheinert, D. Sidorenko, S. Sun, A.M. Treguier, H. Tsujino, P. Uotila, S. Valcke, A. Voldoire, Q. Wang, Q, and I. Yashayaev (2016): North Atlantic simulations in Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments phase II (CORE-II). Part II: Inter-annual to decadal variabilityOcean Modelling

Hátún, H., K. Lohmann, D. Matei, J. Jungclaus, S. Pacariz, M.Bersch, A. Gislason, J. Ólafsson, and P.C. Reid (2016): An inflated subpolar gyre blows life toward the northeastern AtlanticProgress in Oceanography

Ilıcak, M., H. Drange, Q. Wang, R. Gerdes, Y. Aksenov, D. Bailey, M. Bentsen, A. Biastoch, A. Bozec, C.W. Böning, C. Cassou, E. Chassignet, A.C. Coward, B. Curry, G. Danabasoglu, S. Danilov, E. Fernandez, P.G. Fogli, Y. Fujii, S.M. Griffies, D. Iovino, A. Jahn, T. Jung, W.G. Large, C. Lee, C. Lique, J. Lu, S. Masina, A.J.G. Nurser, C. Roth, D. Salas y Mélia, B.L. Samuels, P. Spence, H. Tsujino, S. Valcke, A. Voldoire, X. Wang, and S.G. Yeager (2016): An assessment of the Arctic Ocean in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Part III: Hydrography and fluxesOcean Modelling

Liu, C., A. Köhl, Z. Liu, F. Wang, and D. Stammer (2016): Deep-reaching thermocline mixing in the equatorial pacific cold tongueNature Communications

Park, J.-Y., J. Bader, and D. Matei 2016): Anthropogenic Mediterranean warming essential driver for present and future Sahel rainfallNature Climate Change

Park, T., W. Park, and M. Latif (2016): Correcting North Atlantic Sea Surface Salinity Biases in the Kiel Climate Model: Influences on Ocean Circulation and Atlantic Multidecadal VariabilityClimate Dynamics

Wang, Q., M. Ilıcak, R. Gerdes, H. Drange,Y. Aksenov, D. Bailey, M. Bentsen, A. Biastoch, A. Bozec, C.W. Böning, C. Cassou, E. Chassignet, A.C. Coward, B. Curry, G. Danabasoglu, S. Danilov, E. Fernandez, P.G. Fogli, Y. Fujii, S.M. Griffies, D. Iovino, A. Jahn, T. Jung, W.G. Large, C. Lee, C. Lique, J. Lu, S. Masina, A.J.G. Nurser, B. Rabe, C. Roth, D. Salas y Mélia, B.L. Samuels, P. Spence, H. Tsujino, S. Valcke, A. Voldoire, X. Wang, and S.G. Yeager (2016): An assessment of the Arctic Ocean in a suite of interannual CORE-II simulations. Part I: Sea ice and solid freshwaterOcean Modelling

Wu, Y., M. Latif, and W. Park (2016): Multiyear predictability of Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature in the Kiel Climate ModelClimate Dynamics

Stammer D., M. Balmaseda, P. Heimbach, A. Köhl and A. Weaver (2016): Ocean Data Assimilation in Support of Climate Applications – Status and Perspectives, Annual Review of Marine Sciences

2015

Agarwal, N., J. Jungclaus, A. Köhl, C. Mechoso, and D. Stammer (2015): Additional contributions to CMIP5 regional sea level projections resulting from Greenland and Antarctic ice mass loss, Environmental Research Letters

Bordbar, M. H., T. Martin, M. Latif and W. Park (2015): Effects of long-term variability on projections of twenty-first century dynamic sea level, Nature Climate Change

Carson, M. A. Köhl, and D. Stammer (2015): The impact of regional multidecadal and century-scale internal climate variability on sea level trends in CMIP5 models, Journal of Climate

Ding, H., N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, W. Park, and Sebastian Wahl (2015): The impact of sea surface temperature bias on equatorial Atlantic interannual variability in partially coupled model experiments, Geophysical Research Letters

Drews, A., R. J. Greatbatch, H. Ding, M. Latif and W. Park (2015): The use of a flow field correction technique for alleviating the North Atlantic cold bias with application to the Kiel Climate ModelOcean Dynamics

Fischer, J., J. Karstensen, R. Zantopp, M. Visbeck, A. Biastoch, E. Behrens, C. W. Böning, D. Quadfasel, K. Jochumsen, H. Valdimarsson, S. Jónsson, S. Bacon, N. P. Holliday, S. Dye, M. Rhein and C. Mertens (2015): Intra-seasonal variability of the DWBC in the western subpolar North AtlanticProgress in Oceanography

Gulev, S.K. and M. Latif (2015): Ocean science: The origins of a climate oscillationNature

Harlass, J., M. Latif and W. Park (2015): Improving Climate Model Simulation of Tropical Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature: The Importance of Enhanced Vertical Atmosphere Model ResolutionGeophysical Research Letters

Hummels, R., P. Brandt, M. Dengler, J. Fischer, M. Araujo, D. Veleda and J. V.  Durgadoo (2015): Interannual to decadal changes in the western boundary circulation in the Atlantic at 11°S, Geophysical Research Letters

Josey, S., J. Grist, D. Kieke, I. Yashayaev und L. Yu (2015): Sidebar: Extraordinary ocean cooling and new dense water formation in the North Atlantic, in “State of the Climate in 2014”, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Kieke, D., and I. Yashayaev (2015): Studies of Labrador Sea Water formation and variability in the subpolar North Atlantic in the light of international partnership and collaborationProgress in Oceanography

Latif, M., V. A. Semenov and W. Park (Published online) (2015): Super El Niños in response to global warming in a climate modelClimatic Change

Martin, T., W. Park and M. Latif (2015): Southern Ocean Forcing of the North Atlantic at Multi-centennial Timescales in the Kiel Climate ModelDeep-Sea Research II

Mathis, M., A. Elizalde, U. Mikolajewicz and T. Pohlmann (2015):  Variability patterns of the general circulation and sea water temperature in the North Sea, Progress in Oceanography

Park, J.-Y., J. Bader and D. Matei (2015): Northern-hemispheric differential warming is the key to understanding the discrepancies in the projected Sahel rainfallNature Communications

Polkova, I., A. Köhl and D. Stammer (2015): Predictive skill for regional interannual steric sea level and mechanisms for predictability, Journal of Climate

Rhein, M., D. Kieke, and R. Steinfeldt (2015): Advection of North Atlantic Deep Water from the Labrador Sea to the southern hemisphereJournal of Geophysical Research Oceans

Roessler, A., M. Rhein, D. Kieke, and C. Mertens (2015): Long-term observations of North Atlantic Current transport at the gateway between western and eastern Atlantic, Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans

Schneider, L., D. Kieke, K. Jochumsen, E. Colbourne, I. Yashayaev, R. Steinfeldt, E. Varotsou, N. Serra, and M. Rhein (2015): Variability of Labrador Sea Water transported through Flemish Pass during 1993–2013Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans

Steinle, L., C. Graves, T. Treude, B. Ferré, A. Biastoch, I. Bussmann, C. Berndt, S. Krastel, R. H. James, E. Behrens, C. W. Böning, J. Greinert, M. Scheinert, C.-J. Sapart, S. Sommer, M. F. Lehmann, and H. Niemann (2015): Water column methanotrophy controlled by a rapid oceanographic switchNature Geoscience

Stendardo, I., D. Kieke, M. Rhein, N. Gruber and R. Steinfeldt (2015): Interannual to decadal oxygen variability in the mid-depth water masses of the eastern North AtlanticDeep-Sea Research Part I

Varotsou, E., K. Jochumsen, N. Serra, D. Kieke, and L. Schneider (2015): Interannual transport variability of Upper Labrador Sea Water at Flemish CapJournal of Geophysical Research Oceans

Zhou, G., M. Latif, R. J. Greatbatch and W. Park (2015): Atmospheric response to the North Pacific enabled by daily sea surface temperature variabilityGeophysical Research Letters

2014

Ba, J., N. S. Keenlyside, M. Latif, W. Park, H. Ding, K. Lohmann, J. Mignot, M. Menary, O.H. Otterå, B. Wouters, D. Salas y Melia, A. Oka, A. Bellucci, E. Volodin (2014): A multi-model comparison for Atlantic multidecadal variabilityClimate Dynamics

Bayr, T., D. Dommenget, T. Martin, and S. B. Power (2014): The eastward shift of the Walker Circulation in response to global warming and its relationship to ENSO variabilityClimate Dynamics

Brandt, P., A. Funk, A. Tantet, W. Johns, and J. Fischer (2014): The Equatorial Undercurrent in the central Atlantic and its relation to tropical Atlantic variabilityClimate Dynamics

Johns, W.E., P. Brandt, and P. Chang (2014): Tropical Atlantic variability and coupled model climate biases: results from the Tropical Atlantic Climate Experiment (TACE), Climate Dynamics

Johns, W. E., P. Brandt, B. Bourlès, A. Tantet, A. Papapostolou and A. Houk (2014): Zonal structure and seasonal variability of the Atlantic Equatorial UndercurrentClimate Dynamics

Klöwer, M., M. Latif, H. Ding, R. J. Greatbatch, and W. Park (2014): Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and the prediction of North Atlantic sea surface temperatureEarth and Planetary Science Letters

Köhl, A. (2014): Detecting processes contributing to interannual halosteric and thermosteric sea level variability, Journal of Climate

Köhl, A. and N. Serra (2014): Causes of decadal changes of the freshwater content in the Arctic OceanJournal of Climate

Liu, C., A. Köhl and D. Stammer (2014): Interpreting Layer Thickness Advection in Terms of Eddy-Topography InteractionOcean Modeling

Lohmann, K., J. H. Jungclaus, D. Matei, J. Mignot, M. Menary, H. R. Langehaug, J. Ba, Y. Gao, O. H. Ottera, W. Park, and S. Lorenz (2014): The role of subpolar deep water formation and Nordic Seas overflows in simulated multidecadal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulationOcean Science

Meehl, G. A., L. Goddard, B. Kirtman, G. Branstator, G. Danabasoglu, E. Hawkins, A. Kumar, T. Rosati, D. Smith, R. Sutton, G. Boer, R. Burgman, C. Cassou, S. Corti, A. Karspeck, N. Keenlyside, M. Kimoto, D. Matei, J. Mignot, R. Msadek, A. Navarra, H. Pohlmann, M. Rienecker, E. Schneider, C. Tebaldi, H. Teng, G. J. van Oldenborgh, G. Vecchi and S. Yeager (2014): Decadal Climate Prediction: An Update from the Trenches, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Mertens, C., M. Rhein, M. Walter, C. W. Böning, E. Behrens, D. Kieke, R. Steinfeldt and U. Stöber (2014): Circulation and transports in the Newfoundland Basin, western subpolar North AtlanticJournal of Geophysical Research

Perez, R. C., V. Hormann R. Lumpkin, P. Brandt, W. E. Johns, F. Hernandez, C. Schmid, B. Bourlès (2014): Mean meridional currents in the central and eastern equatorial AtlanticClimate Dynamics

Rabe, B., M. Karcher, F. Kauker, U. Schauer, J. M. Toole, R. A. Krishfield, S. Pisarev, T. Kikuchi, J. Su (2014): Arctic Ocean liquid freshwater storage trend 1992-2012Geophysical Research Letters

Scholz, P., D. Kieke, G. Lohmann, M. Inoita and M. Rhein (2014): Evaluation of Labrador Sea Water formation in a global finite-element Sea-Ice Ocean Model Setup, based on a comparison with observational dataJournal of Geophysical Research

von Appen, W.-J., I. M. Koszalka, R. S. Pickart, T. W. N., Haine, D. Mastropole, M. G. Magaldi, H. Valdimarsson, J. Girton, K. Jochumsen and G. Krahmann (2014): The East Greenland Spill Jet as an important component of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning CirculationDeep Sea Research Part I

2013

Abel, R. (2013): Subtropical and Subpolar Gyre Circulation of the North Atlantic in Ocean Models at Different Resolutions, Masterarbeit, Universität Kiel

Behrens, E., A. Biastoch and C. W. Böning (2013): Spurious AMOC trends in global ocean sea-ice models related to subarctic freshwater forcingOcean Modelling

Berx, B., B. Hansen, S. Østerhus, K. M. Larsen, T. Sherwin and K. Jochumsen (2013): Combining in-situ measurements and altimetry to estimate volume, heat and salt transport variability through the Faroe Shetland Channel, Ocean Science

Biastoch, A. and C. W. Böning (2013): Anthropogenic impact on Agulhas Leakage, Geophysical Research Letters

Brandt, P., M. Araujo, B. Bourlés, P. Chang, M. Dengler, W. E. Johns, A. Lazar, C. F. Lumpkin, M. J. McPhaden, P. Nobre and L. Terray (2013): Tropical Atlantic Climate Experiment (TACE), CLIVAR Exchanges.

Chen, X., C. Liu, K. O’Driscoll, B. Mayer, J. Su and T. Pohlmann (2013): On the nudging terms at open boundaries in regional ocean models, Ocean Modelling

Fischer, M., A. Biastoch, E. Behrens and J. Baehr (2013): Simulations of a Line W-based observing system for the Atlantic meridional overturning circulationOcean Dynamics

Gröger, M. , E. Maier-Reimer, U. Mikolajewicz, A. Moll, and D. Sein (2013): NW European shelf under climate warming: Implications for open ocean – shelf exchange, primaryproduction, and carbon absorptionBiogeosciences

Gulev, S. K., M. Latif, N. S. Keenlyside and K. P. Koltermann (2013): North Atlantic Ocean Control on Surface Heat Flux at Multidecadal TimescalesNature

Hahn, J. (2013): Oxygen variability and eddy-driven meridional oxygen supply in the tropical North East Atlantic oxygen minimum zone, Doctoral thesis, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Hummels, R., M. Dengler and B. Bourlès (2013): Seasonal and regional variability of upper ocean diapycnal heat flux in the Atlantic cold tongue, Progress in Oceanography

Keenlyside, N., H. Ding and M. Latif (2013): Potential of equatorial Atlantic variability to enhance El Niño prediction, Geophysical Research Letters

Latarius, K. (2013): Über die Wassermassentransformation im Europäischen Nordmeer – Prozess-Studien und Budgets, Dissertation, Universität Hamburg

Latif, M., T. Martin and W. Park (2013): Southern Ocean Sector Centenntial Climate Variability and Recent Decadal TrendsJournal of Climate

Martin, T., W. Park and M. Latif (2013): Multi-Centennial Variability controlled by Southern Ocean Convection in the Kiel Climate ModelClimate Dynamics

Mathis, M. (2013): Projected Forecast of Hydrodynamic Conditions in the North Sea for the 21st Century, Doctoral thesis, University of Hamburg, Institute of Oceanography

Mecking, J. V. (2013): North Atlantic multidecadal to centennial variability in a model and a marine proxy dataset, Doktorarbeit/PhD dissertation, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany.

Menary, M. B., C. D. Roberts, M. D. Palmer, P. R. Halloran, L. Jackson, R. A. Wood, W. A. Müller, D. Matei and S.-K. Lee (2013): Mechanisms of aerosol-forced AMOC variability in a state of the art climate modelJournal of Geophysical Research Oceans

O’Driscoll, K., B. Mayer, T. Ilyina and T. Pohlmann (2013): Modelling the cycling of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the North Sea system: fluxes, loading, seasonality, trends, Journal of Marine Systems

Pohlmann, T., D. Smith, M. Balmaseda, S. Masina, N. Keenlyside, D. Matei, W. Müller, P. Rogel, E.D. da Costa (2013): Predictability of the mid-latitude Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in a multi-model system, Climate Dynamics

Pohlmann, H., W. A. Müller, K. Kulkarni, M. Kameswarrao, D. Matei, F. S. E. Vamborg, C. Kadow, S. Illing, and J. Marotzke (2013): Improved forecast skill in the tropics in the new MiKlip decadal climate predictions, Geophysical Research Letters

Rabe, B., P. Dodd, E. Hansen, E. Falck, U. Schauer, A. Mackensen, A. Beszczynska-Möller, G. Kattner, E. J. Rohling and K. Cox (2013): Export of Arctic freshwater components through the Fram Strait 1998-2011Ocean Science

Rößler, A. (2013): Observed subpolar gyre transports at the Mid-Atlantic RidgeDissertation, Universität Bremen

Schütte, F. (2013): Characterisation of mesoscale eddies generated in the coastal upwelling region of the tropical northeast Atlantic, Master thesis, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Sumata, H., F. Kauker, R. Gerdes, C. Köberle and M. Karcher (2013): A comparison between gradient descent and stochastic approaches for parameter optimization of a coupled ocean-sea ice model, Ocean Science

Walter, M., and C. Mertens (2013): Mid‐depth mixing linked to North Atlantic Current variability, Geophysical Research Letters

Xu, X., H. E. Hurlburt, W. J. Schmitz, R. J. Zantopp, J. Fischer and P. J. Hogan (2013): On the currents and transports connected with the Atlantic Meridional Overturning circulation in the subpolar North AtlanticJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Zanchettin, D., A. Rubino, D. Matei, O. Bothe, J. Jungclaus (2013): Multidecadal-to-centennial SST variability in the MPI-ESM simulation ensemble for the last millenium, Climate Dynamics

2012

Ba, J. (2012): North Atlantic Multi-decadal Variability simulated in Coupled General Circulation Models (CGCMs), Doctoral thesis, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Behrens, L. K. (2012): Das arktische Meereis in Klimamodellen – Variabilitäten und anthropogener Klimawandel, Diplomarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany

Behrens, L. K., T. Martin, V. Semenov und M. Latif (2012): The Arctic Sea ice in the CMIP3 climate model ensemble – variability and anthropogenic change, The Cryosphere

Brandt, P., R. J. Greatbatch, M. Claus, S.-H. Didwischus, V. Hormann, A. Funk, J. Hahn, G. Krahmann, J. Fischer and A. Körtzinger (2012): Ventilation of the Atlantic by the equatorial deep jets, Journal of Geophysical Research

Branstator G., H. Teng, G. A. Meehl, M. Kimoto, J. R. Knight, M. Latif, and A. Rosati (2012): Systematic Estimates of Initial-Value Decadal Predictability for Six AOGCMsJournal of Climate

Ding, H., N. S. Keenlyside and M. Latif (2012): Impact of the Equatorial Atlantic on the El Niño Southern Oscillation, Climate Dynamics

Dodd, P., B. Rabe, E. Hansen, E. Falck, A. Mackensen, E. Rohling, C. Stedmon and S. Kistiansen (2012): The freshwater composition of the Fram Strait outflow derived from a decade of tracer measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research

Eisner, R. (2012): Die Entwicklung der Deckschicht im Islandbecken und ihr Beitrag zum Nordatlantischen Tiefenwasser, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Esser, K. (2012): Langfristige Variabilität der Wirbelaktivität im Overflow der Dänemarkstraße, Diplomarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Fehsenfeldt, F. (2012): Optimierte Messstrategie für die meridionale Umwälzbewegung im Nordatlantik bei 47°N, Diplomarbeit, Universität Bremen

Gary, S. F., M. S. Lozier, A. Biastoch and C. W. Böning (2012): Reconciling tracer and float observations of the export pathways of Labrador Sea Water, Geophysical Research Letters

Gouretski, V., J. Kennedy, T. Boyer and A. Köhl (2012): Consistent near-surface ocean warming since 1900 in two largely independent observing networks, Geophysical Research Letters

Greatbatch, R. J., P. Brandt, M. Claus, S.-H. Didwischus, and Y. Fu (2012): On the width of the equatorial deep jets, Journal of Physical Oceanography

Hell, M. (2012): Impact of Atlantic Se Surface Temperature on Indian and Sahel rainfall in Kiel Climate Model, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Horn, M. (2012): Frontenerkennung im subpolaren Nordatlantik aus SST Daten, Bachelorarbeit, Hochschule Bremerhaven/Universität Bremen

Jahn, A., Y. Aksenov, B. de Cuevas, L. de Steur, S. Hakkinen, E. Hansen, C. Herbaut, M.-N. Houssais, M. J. Karcher, F. Kauker, C. Lique, A. T. Nguyen, P. Pemberton, D. L. Worthen, and J. Zhang (2012): Arctic Ocean freshwater – How robust are model simulations?, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Jochumsen, K., D. Quadfasel, H. Valdimarsson and S. Jonsson (2012): Variability of the Denmark Strait Overflow: moored time series from 1996-2011, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Karcher, M., J. N. Smith, F. Kauker, R. Gerdes and W. M. Smethie Jr. (2012): Recent changes of Arctic Ocean circulation revealed by 129 Iodine observations and modelling, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Klockmann, M. (2012): Atmospheric pressure adjustments associated with spin-down over sea surface temperature fronts – A regional and seasonal study, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Köhl A., F. Siegismund and D. Stammer (2012): Impact of Assimilating Bottom Pressure Anomalies from GRACE on Ocean Circulation Estimates, Journal of Geophysical Research

Köllner, M. (2012): Signal propagation and entrainment of Denmark Strait Overflow Water as measured at Ammassalik, 2007-2012, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Liu C., A. Köhl and D. Stammer (2012): Adjoint Based Estimation of Eddy Induced Tracer Mixing Parameters in the Global Ocean, Journal of Physical Oceanography

Matei, D., J. Baehr, J.H. Jungclaus, H. Haak, W. A. Müller und J. Marotzke (2012): Multi-year prediction of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N, Science

Matei, D., H. Pohlmann, J. Jungclaus, W. Müller, H. Haak, and J. Marotzke (2012): Two tales of initializing decadal climate prediction experiments with the ECHAM5/MPI-OM model, Journal of Climate

McCarthy, G., B. King, P. Cippolini, J. Blundell, E. McDonagh and A. Biastoch (2012): On the Sub-decadal variability of South Atlantic Antarctic Intermediate Water, Geophysical Research Letters

Menary M. B., W.Park, K. Lohmann, M. D. Palmer, M. Latif, and J. Jungclaus (2012): A multimodel comparison of centennial Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variability, Climate Dynamics

Meng Q., M. Latif, W. Park, N. S. Keenlyside, V. A. Semenov, and T. Martin (2012): Twentieth Century Walker Circulation Change: Data Analysis and Model Experiments, Climate Dynamics

Park W. and M. Latif (2012): Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Response to Idealized External Forcing, Climate Dynamics

Roeske T., D. Bauch, M. Rutgers v. d. Loeff and B. Rabe (2012): Utility of dissolved Barium in distinguishing North American from Eurasian runoff in the Arctic Ocean, Marine Chemistry

Salau, O. R., B. Schneider, W. Park, V. Khon and M. Latif (2012): Modeling the ENSO impact of Orbitally-induced mean state changes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

Schnurr, S. M. (2012): Distribution of selected Munnopsidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota) species around Iceland linked to long-term oceanographic data, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Semenov, V. and M. Latif (2012): The early twentieth century warming and winter arctic sea ice, The Cryosphere

Slama, T. (2012): Rekonstruktion von hydrografischen Profilen anhand von PIES Daten, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Stendardo, I. and N. Gruber (2012): Oxygen trends over five decades in the North Atlantic, Journal of Geophysical Research

Wang, W., A. Köhl and D. Stammer (2012): The deep meridional overturning circulation in the Indian Ocean inferred from the GECCO Synthesis, Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans

Wittke, F. (2012): Schwankungen der Oberflächenzirkulation aus Altimeterdaten, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Bremen

2011

Akimova, A., U. Schauer, S. Danilov, and I. Núñez-Riboni (2011): The role of the deep mixing in them Storfjorden shelf water plume, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers

Beal, L. M., W. P. M. de Ruijter, A. Biastoch, and R. Zahn, and SCOR/WCRP/IAPSO Working Group 136 (2011): On the role of the Agulhas system in global climate, Nature

Beszczynska-Möller, A., R.A. Woodgate, C. Lee, H. Melling and K. Karcher (2011): A Synthesis of Exchanges Through the Main Oceanic Gateways to the Arctic Ocean, Oceanography

Biastoch, A., T. Treude, L. H. Rüpke, U. Riebesell, C. Roth, E. B. Burwicz, W. Park, C. W. Böning, M. Latif, G. Madec, and K. Wallmann (2011): Evolution of Arctic Ocean temperatures and the fate of marine gas hydrates under global warming, Geophysical Research Letters

Brandt, P., G. Caniaux, B. Bourlès, A. Lazar, M. Dengler, A. Funk, V. Hormann, H. Giordani and F. Marin (2011): Equatorial upper-ocean dynamics and their interaction with the West African monsoon, Atmospheric Science Letters

Brandt, P., A. Funk, V. Hormann, M. Dengler, R. J. Greatbatch and J. M. Toole (2011): Interannual atmospheric variability forced by the deep equatorial Atlantic Ocean, Nature

Brüggemann, N., C. Eden, and D. Olbers (2011): A dynamically consistent closure for zonally averaged ocean modelsJournal of Physical Oceanography

Eden, C. (2011): A closure for meso-scale eddy fluxes based on linear instability theoryOcean Modelling

Darelius, E., I. Fer and D. Quadfasel (2011): Faroe Bank Channel Overflow: Mesoscale Variability, Journal of Physical Oceanography

Esters, L. (2011): Rekonstruktion von Strömungsschwankungen aus Verankerungsdaten in der Dänemarkstraße mit Hilfe von spektralen Methoden, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Fischer, T. (2011): Diapycnal diffusivity and transport of matter in the open ocean estimated from underway acoustic profiling and microstructure profiling, Doctoral thesis, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Friedrichs, A. (2011): The Overflow in the Faroe Bank Channel – A Frequency Analysis, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg.

Gary, S. F., M. S. Lozier, C. W. Böning, and A. Biastoch (2011): Deciphering the pathways for the deep limb of the Meridional Overturning Circulation, Deep-Sea Research Part II

Gröger, M. and U. Mikolajewicz (2011): Note on the CO2 air-sea gas exchange at high temperatures, Ocean Modelling

Haase, S. (2011): Atmosphärische Zirkulation und extremer Meereisrückgang in der Arktis: Gegenwärtiges und zukünftiges Auftreten der arktischen Dipol-Anomalie, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Harlaß, J. (2011): Einfluss des arktischen Meereises auf das Klima der Nordhemisphäre, Diplomarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Karcher, M., A. Beszczynska-Möller, F. Kauker, R. Gerdes, S. Heyen, B. Rudels and U. Schauer (2011, accepted  2010): Arctic Ocean warming and its consequences for the Denmark Strait overflow, Journal of Geophysical Research

Köhler, J. (2011): Analysis of Sea Surface Salinities as seen by SMOS, Masterarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Kortz, E. (2011): Die Rolle von Wirbeln für Massen- und Wärmetransporte in Passagen, Diplomarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Latif M. and N. S. Keenlyside (2011): A Perspective on Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability, Deep Sea Research Part II

Latif M. and W. Park (2011): Climatic Variability on Decadal to Century Time-Scales, The Future of the World’s Climate

Moritz, M. (2011): Der Einfluss mesoskaliger Wirbel auf Strömungsmessungen des Overflows in der Dänemarkstrasse, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Müller, V. (2011): Freshwater balance in the western tropical Atlantic, a model Study, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Paulsen, H. (2011): Enstehungsmechanismen der Nordbrasilstromringe, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Proshutinsky, A., M.-L. Timmermans, I. Ashik, A. Beszczynska-Möller, E. Carmack, I. Frolov, M. Itoh, T. Kikuchi, R. Krishfield, F. McLaughlin, S. Nishino, B. Rabe, U. Schauer, K. Shimada, V. Sokolov, M. Steele, J. Toole, W. Williams, R. Woodgate, M. Yamamoto-Kawai and S. Zimmermann (2011): The Arctic Ocean, in: State of the Climate in 2010, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Rabe, B., M. Karcher, U. Schauer, J. Toole, R. Krischfield, S. Pisarev, F. Kauker, R. Gerdes and T. Kikuchi (2011): An assessment of Arctic Ocean freshwater content changes from the 1990s to 2006-2008, Deep-Sea Research Part I

Reintges, A. (2011): Abschätzung der Genauigkeit von Klimasimulationen im Bereich des Nordatlantiks, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany

Rhein, M., D. Kieke, S. Hüttl-Kabus, A. Rößler, C. Mertens, R. Meissner, B. Klein, C. W. Böning and I. Yashayaev (2011): Deep-water formation, the subpolar gyre, and the meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic, Deep-Sea Research Part II

Romanova, V., A. Köhl, and D. Stammer (2011): Seasonal Cycle of Near Surface Fresh- water Budget in the Western Tropical Atlantic, Journal of Geophysical Research

Stammer, D., N. Agarwal, P. Herrmann, A. Köhl, and R. Mechoso (2011): Response of a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model to Greenland Ice Melting, Surveys in Geophysics

Schneider, L. (2011): Entwicklung der Mixed-Layer im subpolaren Nordatlantik, Diplomarbeit, Universität Bremen

Uhe, C. (2011): Analysis of satellite altimetry data with regard to the North Atlantic Current, Diplomarbeit, Universität Köln/Universität Bremen

Våge, K., R. Pickart, A. Sarafanov, Ø. Knutsen, H. Mercier, P. Lherminier, H. van Aken, J. Meincke, D. Quadfasel and S. Bacon (2011): The Irminger Gyre: Circulation, convection, and interannual variability, Deep Sea Research Part I

Wade, M., G. Caniaux, Y. DuPenhoat, M. Dengler, H. Giordani and R. Hummels (2011): A one dimensional modeling study of the diurnal cycle in the tropical Atlantic at the PIRATA buoys during the EGEE3 campaign, Ocean Dynamics

Wahl, S., M. Latif, W. Park and N. Keenlyside (2011): On the tropical Atlantic SST warm bias in the Kiel Climate Model, Climate Dynamics

2010

Bindoff, N.L., D. Stammer, P.-Y. Le Traon, K. Trenberth, C. Mauritzen, J.A. Church, N. Smith, T. Malone, T. Suga, J. Tintor, S. Wilson (2010): Capabilities of Global Ocean Programs to inform Climate Services, Procedia Environmental Sciences

Brath, M., M. G. Scharffenberg, N. Serra & D. Stammer (2010): Altimeter-based estimates of eddy variability and eddy transports in the Subpolar North Atlantic, Marine Geodesy

Church, J.A., D. Roemmich, C.M. Domingues, J.K. Willis, N.J. White, J. Gilson, D. Stammer, A. Köhl, D. P. Chambers, F. Landerer, J. Marotzke, J. Gregory, T. Suzuki, A. Cazenave and P.-Y. Le Traon (2010): Ocean temperature and salinity contributions to global and regional sea-level change, Blackwells Pub., London

Cunningham, S., M. Baringer, W. Johns, J. Toole, S. Østerhus, J.Fischer, A.Piola, E. McDonagh, S. Lozier, U.Send, T. Kanzow, J. Marotzke, M. Rhein, S. Garzoli, S. Rintoul, B. Sloyan, S. Speich, L. Talley, J. Baehr, C. Meinen, A.-M. Treguier and P. Lherminier (2010): The Present and Future System for Measuring the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and Heat Transport, Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

Degenhard, P. (2010): Transporte im Subpolarwirbel, Diplomarbeit, Universität Bremen

Didwischus, S.-H. (2010): Analyse der Strukturen atlantischer äquatorialer Deep Jets anhand von Verankerungs- und Drifter-Daten, Diplomarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Ding, H. (2010): Annual to interannual Equatorial Atlantic Variability: Mechanisms and Tropical Impacts, Doktorarbeit/PhD, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Ding, H., N.S. Keenlyside and M. Latif (2010): Equatorial Atlantic interannual variability: the role of heat content, Journal of Geophysical Research

Eden, C. (2010): Parameterising meso-scale eddy momentum fluxes based on potential vorticity mixing and a gauge term, Ocean Modeling

Fer, I., G. Voet, K. S. Seim, B. Rudels and K. Latarius (2010): Intense mixing of the Faroe Bank channel overflow, Geophysical Research Letters

Fischer, J., M. Visbeck, R. Zantopp, and N. Nunes (2010): Interannual to Decadal Variability of Outflow from the Labrador Sea, Geophysical Research Letters

Hall, J., D.E. Harrison and D. Stammer, Editors (2010): Proceedings of OceanObs09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Conference, Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009

Han, G., K. Ohashi, N. Chen, P. G. Myers, N. Nunes, and J. Fischer (2010): Decline and partial rebound of the Labrador Current 1993-2004: Monitoring ocean currents from altimetric and CTD data, Journal of Geophysical Research

Heimbach, P., G. Forget, R.M. Ponte, C. Wunsch, M. Balmaseda, D. Stammer, T. Awaji, D. Behringer, J. Carton, N. Ferry, A. Fischer, I. Fukumori, B. Giese, K. Haines, E. Harrison, F. Hernandez, M. Kamachi, C. Keppenne, A. Kohl, T. Lee, D. Menemen- lis, P. Oke, E. Remy, M. Rienecker, A. Rosati, D. Smith, K. Speer, A. Weaver (2010): Observational Requirements for Globalscale Ocean Climate Analysis: Lessons from Ocean State Estimation, Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

Jochumsen, K., M. Rhein, S. Hüttl-Kabus and C.W. Böning (2010): On the propagation and decay of North Brazil Current rings, Journal of Geophysical Research

Hurrell, J. W., T. Delworth, G. Danabasoglu, H. Drange, S. Griffies, N. Holbrook, B. Kirtman, N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, J. Marotzke, G. Meehl, T. Palmer, H. Pohlmann, T. Rosati, R. Seager, D. Smith, R. Sutton, A. Timmermann, K. Trenberth and J. Tribbia (2010): Decadal Climate Prediction: Opportunities and Challenges, Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

Karcher, M., I. Harms, W. Standring, M. Dowdall and P. Strand (2010): On the potential for Climate Change Impacts on Marine Anthropogenic Radioactivity in the Arctic Regions, Marine Pollution Bulletin

Kinzel, J. (2010): Die Bedeutung der Ozean-Atmosphäre-Wechselwirkung für die natürliche Klimavariabilität in der Arktis, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Kleppin, H. (2010): Zirkulation des atlantischen Wassers in der Arktis, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Klockmann, M. (2010): Lagrangian study of the subtropical-subpolar gyres water exchange, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Köhl A. (2010): Variable Source Regions of Denmark Strait and Faroe Bank Channel Overflow Waters, Tellus

Koldunov, N., D. Stammer and J. Marotzke (2010): Present-Day Arctic Sea Ice Variability in the Coupled ECHAM5/MPI-OM ModelJournal of Climate

Köller, M., R. H. Käse, P. Herrmann (2010): Interannual to multidecadal variability and predictability of North Atlantic circulation in a coupled earth system model with parametrized hydraulics, Tellus

Kopte, R. (2010): Untersuchungen zu Schwankungen der Konvektionsaktivität in Labradorsee und Irminger See – 1997-2009, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Latarius, K. and D. Quadfasel (2010): Seasonal to interannual variability of temperature and salinity in the Greenland Sea: heat and greshwater budgets, Tellus

Latif M., M., Delworth, T., Dommenget, D., Drange, H., Hazeleger, W., Hurrell, J., Keenlyside, N., Meehl, G. and Sutton, R. (2010): Dynamics of Decadal Climate Variability and Implications for its Prediction, Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

Lee, T, T. Awaji, M. Balmaseda, N. Ferry, Y. Fujii, I. Fukumori, B. Giese, P. Heimbach, A. Koehl, S. Masina, E. Remy, A. Rosati, M. P. Schodlok, D. Stammer, A.T. Weaver (2010): Consistency and fidelity of Indonesian-throughflow total volume trans- port estimated by 14 ocean data assimilation products, Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans

Löptien, U. and C. Eden (2010): Multidecadal CO2 uptake variability of the North Atlantic, Journal of Geophysical Research

Lorbacher, K., J. Dengg, C. W. Böning, and A. Biastoch (2010): Regional patterns of sea level change related to interannual variability and multi-decadal trends in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Journal of Climate

Lübbecke, J., C. W. Böning, N. Keenlyside and S.P. Xie(2010): On the connection between Benguela and equatorial Atlantic Niños and the role of the South Atlantic Anticyclone, Journal of Geophysical Research

Martínez-Avellaneda, N., N. Serra, D. Stammer & P. J. Minnett (2010): Response of the eastern subtropical Atlantic SST to Saharan Dust: a modelling and observational study, Journal of Geophysical Research

McGillicuddy, D.J., B. deYoung, P.M. Glibert, J.C. Orr, D. Stammer, and F.E. Werner (2010): Models: Tools for Synthesis in International Oceanographic Research Programs, Oceanography

Meissner, R. (2010), Einfluss von mesoskaligen Wirbeln auf die Feinstruktur-Variabilität im subpolaren Nordatlantik, Diplomarbeit, Universität Bremen

Paka, V., B. Rudels, D. Quadfasel and V. Zhurbas (2010): Measurements of turbulence in the zone of strong bottom currents in the strait of Denmark, Doklady Earth Sciences

Park W. and M. Latif (2010): Pacific and Atlantic Multidecadal Variability in the Kiel Climate Model, Geophysical Research Letters

Rattan, S., P. G. Myers, A.-M. Treguier, S. Theetten, A. Biastoch, and C. W. Böning (2010): Towards an Understanding of Labrador Sea Salinity Drift in Eddy-Permitting Simulations, Ocean Modelling

Rhein, M., M. Dengler, J. Sültenfuß, R. Hummels, S. Hüttl-Kabus and B. Bourles (2010): Upwelling and associated heat flux in the equatorial Atlantic inferred from helium isotope disequilibrium, Journal of Geophysical Research

Rhein, M., D. Kieke, S. Hüttl-Kabus, A. Rößler, C. Mertens, R. Meissner, B. Klein, C. W. Böning and I. Yashayaev (2010): Deep-water formation, the subpolar gyre, and the meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic, Deep Sea Research Part II

Romanova, V., A. Köhl, D. Stammer, C. Klepp, A. Andersson and S. Bakan (2010): Surface freshwater flux estimates from GECCO and HOAPS, Tellus

Schaffer, J. (2010): Die Arktische Oszillation im Kieler Klimamodell, Bachelorarbeit, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel

Scharffenberg, M. (2010): The large-scale geostrophic flow-field and eddy variability as seen from the TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason-1 Tandem Mission, Dissertation, Universität Hamburg

Scharffenberg, M. G., and D. Stammer (2010): Seasonal variations of the large-scale geostrophic flow field and eddy kinetic energy inferred from the TOPEX/Poseidon and 16 Jason-1 tandem mission data, Journal of Geophysical Research

Semenov, V., M. Latif, D. Dommenget, N. Keenlyside, A. Strehz, T. Martin, and W. Park (2010): The Impact of North Atlantic-Arctic Multidecadal Variability on Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature, Journal of Climate

Send, U., R. Davis, J. Fischer, S. Imawaki, W. Kessler, C. Meinen, B. Owens, D. Roemmich, T. Rossby, D. Rudnick, J. Toole, S. Wijffels and L. Beal (2010): A global boundary current circulation observing network, Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

Serra, N., R. H. Käse, A. Köhl, D. Stammer and D. Quadfasel (2010): On the low-frequency phase relation between the Denmark Strait and the Faroe-Shetland Channel dense overflow, Tellus

Steinfeldt, R., T. Tanhua, J.L. Bullister, R.M. Key, M. Rhein and J. Köhler (2010): Atlantic CFC data in CARINA, Earth System Science Data

Trenberth, K., M. Balmaseda, N. Bindoff, J. Church, H. Freeland, G. Lagerloef, R.S. Nerem, M. Palmer, S. Rintoul, D. Roemmich, C. Sabine, D. Stammer, and P. Stott (2010): Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) and Attribution and Prediction of Climate: Progress since the Fourth Assessment, Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society

Voet, G. (2010): On the Nordic Overturning Circulation, Dissertation, Universität Hamburg

Voet, G. and D. Quadfasel (2010): Entrainment in the Denmark Strait overflow plume by mesoscale eddies, Ocean Sciences

Voet, G., D. Quadfasel, K. A. Mork and H. Søiland (2010): The mid-depth circulation of the Nordic Seas derived from profiling float observations, Tellus

Wang, W., A. Köhl, and D. Stammer (2010): Estimates of global ocean volume transports during 1960 through 2001, Geophysical Research Letters

Wilson, S., W. Abdalti, D. Alsdorf, J. Benveniste, H. Bonekamp, G. Cog- ley, M. Drinkwater, L.-L. Fu, R. Gross, B. Haines, E. Harrison, G. John- son, M. Johnson,J. LaBrecque, E. Lindstrom, M. Merrifield, L. Miller, E. Pavlis, S. Piotrowicz, D. Roemmich, D. Stammer, R. Thomas, E. Thouvenot, and P. Woodworth (2010): Observing Systems Needed to Address Sea-level Rise and Variability, Understanding Sea‐Level Rise and Variability 

2009

Almaseda, M.A., O.J. Alves, A. Arribas, T. Awaji, D. Behringer, N. Ferry, Y. Fujii, T. Lee, M. Rienecker, T. Rosati and D. Stammer (2009): Ocean Initialization for Seasonal Forecasts, Oceanography

Biastoch, A., C. W. Böning, F. U. Schwarzkopf, and J. R. E. Lutjeharms (2009): Increase in Agulhas leakage due to poleward shift in the southern hemisphere westerlies, Nature

Bower, A. S., M. S. Lozier, S. F. Gary, C. W. Böning (2009): Interior pathways of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, Nature

Ding, H., N. S. Keenlyside and M. Latif (2009): Seasonal cycle in the upper equatorial Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research

Friedrichs, A. (2009): Overflow in der Dänemarkstrasse: Eine Vorticity Bilanz, Bachelorarbeit, Universität Hamburg

Griffies, S. M., A. Biastoch, C. Böning, F. Bryan, G. Danabasoglu, E. Chassignet, M. England, R. Gerdes, H. Haak, R. W. Hallberg, W. Hazeleger, J. Jungclaus, W. G. Large, G. Madec, A. Pirani, B. L. Samuels, M. Scheinert, A. S. Gupta, C. A. Severijns, H. A. Simmons, A. M. Treguier, M. Winton, S. Yeager, and J. Yin (2009): Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments (COREs), Ocean Modelling

Hormann, V. and P. Brandt (2009): Upper equatorial Atlantic variability during 2002 and 2005 associated with equatorial Kelvin waves, Journal of Geophysical Research

Käse, R. H., N. Serra, A. Köhl, and D. Stammer (2009): Mechanisms for the variability of dense water pathways in the Nordic Seas, Journal of Geophysical Research

Kauker, F., R. Gerdes, M. Karcher, T. Kaminski, R. Giering and M. Voßbeck (2009): Arctic Sea Ice in summer 2009 – an outlook, Sea Ice Outlook

Kauker, F., T. Kaminski, M. Karcher, R. Giering, R. Gerdes and M. Voßbeck (2009): Adjoint analysis of the 2007 all time Arctic sea-ice minimum, Geophysical Research Letters

Kieke, D., B. Klein, L. Stramma, M. Rhein, and K. P. Koltermann (2009): Variability and propagation of Labrador Sea Water in the southern subpolar North Atlantic, Deep-Sea Research

Kirchner, K., M. Rhein, S. Hüttl-Kabus, C. Böning (2009): On the spreading of South Atlantic water into the northern hemisphere, Journal of Geophysical Research

Koenigk, T. and U. Mikolajewicz (2009): Seasonal to interannual climate predictability in mid and high northern latitudes in a global coupled model, Climate Dynamics

Koenigk, T., U Mikolajewicz, J. H. Jungclaus, A. Kroll (2009): Sea ice in the Barents Sea: seasonal to interannual variability and climate feedbacks in a global coupled model, Climate Dynamics

Latif M., W. Park, H. Ding, and N. Keenlyside (2009): Internal and External North Atlantic Sector Variability in the Kiel Climate Model, Meteorologische Zeitschrift

Lee, T., T. Awaji, M. Balmaseda, E. Greiner, and D. Stammer (2009): Ocean State Estimation for Climate Research, Oceanography

Meehl, G.A., L. Goddard, J. Murphy, R.J. Stouffer, G. Boer, G. Danabasoglu, K. Dixon, M.A. Giorgetta, A. Greene, E. Hawkins, G. Hegerl, D. Karoly, N. Keenlyside, M. Kimoto, B. Kirtman, A. Navarra, R. Pulwarty, D. Smith, D. Stammer, and T. Stockdale (2009): Decadal prediction: Can it be skillful?, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Mertens, C., M. Rhein, M. Walter, and K. Kirchner (2009): Modulation of the Inflow into the Caribbean Sea by North Brazil Current Rings, Deep-Sea Research I

Park, W., N. Keenlyside, M. Latif, A. Ströh, R. Redler, E. Roeckner and G. Madec (2009): Tropical Pacific climate and its response to global warming in the Kiel Climate Model, Journal of Climate

Pohlmann, H., J. Jungclaus, A. Köhl, D. Stammer, and J. Marotzke (2009): Initializing Decadal Climate Predictions with the GECCO Oceanic Synthesis: Effects on the North Atlantic, Journal of Climate

Rabe B., U. Schauer, A. Mackensen, M. Karcher, E. Hansen and A. Beszczynska-Möller (2009): Freshwater components and transports in the Fram Strait – recent observations and changes since the late 1990s, Ocean Science

Schauer, U. and A. Beszcynska-Möller (2009): Problems with estimation and interpretation of oceanic heat transport – conceptual remarks for the case of Fram Strait in the Arctic ocean, Ocean Science

Schott, F. A., L. Stramma, B. S. Giese and R. Zantopp (2009): Labrador Sea convection and subpolar North Atlantic Deep Water export in the SODA assimilation model, Deep Sea Research

Semenov V., W. Park, and M. Latif (2009): Barents Sea inflow shutdown: A new mechanism for rapid climate changes, Geophysical Research Letters

Spreen, G., S. Kern, D. Stammer, and E. Hansen (2009): Fram Strait sea ice volume export estimated between 2003 and 2008 from satellite data, Geophysical Research Letters

Steinfeldt, R., M. Rhein, J. L. Bullister, and T. Tanhua (2009): Inventory changes in anthropogenic carbon from 1997-2003 in the Atlantic Ocean between 20°S and 65°N, Global Biogeochemical Cycles

de Steur, L., E. Hansen, R. Gerdes, M. Karcher, E. Fahrbach, and J. Holfort (2009): Freshwater Fluxes in the East Greenland Current: A decade of observations, Geophysical Research Letters

2008

Alvarez-Garcia F., M. Latif, and A. Biastoch (2008): On multidecadal and quasi-decadal North Atlantic variability, Journal of Climate

Biastoch, A., J.R.E. Lutjeharms, C.W. Böning, and M. Scheinert (2008): Mesoscale perturbations control inter-ocean exchange south of Africa, Geophysical Research Letters

Biastoch, A., C. W. Böning, J. Getzlaff, J.-M. Molines, and G. Madec (2008): Causes of Interannual–Decadal Variability in the Meridional Overturning Circulation of the Midlatitude North Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Climate

Biastoch, A., C. W. Böning, and J. R. E. Lutjeharms (2008): Agulhas leakage dynamics affects decadal variability in Atlantic overturning circulation, Nature

Dickson B., S. Dye, S. Jònsson, A. Köhl, A. Macrander, M. Marnela, J. Meincke, S. Olsen, B. Rudels, H.Valdimarsson and G. Voet (2008): The overflow flux west of Iceland:variability, origins and forcing. In: Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Springer

Dommenget D. and M. Latif (2008): Generation of Hyper Climate Mode, Geophysical Research Letters

Eden, C., and M. Dengler (2008): Stacked jets in the deep equatorial Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research

Gerdes, R., M. Karcher, C. Köberle and K. Fieg (2008): Simulating the long term variability of liquid freshwater export from the Arctic Ocean. In: Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Springer

Haine,T., C. W. Böning, P. Brandt, J. Fischer, A. Funk, D. Kieke, E. Kvaleberg, and M. Rhein (2008): North Atlantic Deep Water Transformation in the Labrador Sea, Recirculation through the Subpolar Gyre, and Discharge to the Subtropics. In: Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes – Defining the Role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Springer

Hüttl-Kabus, S. and C.W. Böning (2008): Pathways and variability of the off-equatorial undercurrents in the Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research

Karcher, M., R. Gerdes and F. Kauker (2008): Long-term variability of Atlantic water inflow to the Northern Seas: insights from model experiments. In: Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Springer

Kauker, F., R. Gerdes and M. Karcher (2008): Arctic Sea Ice in summer 2008 – an outlook, Sea Ice Outlook

Kauker, F., C. Köberle, R. Gerdes, M. Karcher (2008): Modeling the 20th century Arctic Ocean/Sea Ice system: Reconstruction of surface forcing, Journal of Geophysical Research

Keenlyside N., M. Latif, J. Jungclaus, L. Kornblueh, and E. Roeckner (2008): Advancing decadalscale climate prediction in the North Atlantic sector, Nature

Kirchner, K., M. Rhein, C. Mehrtens, C.W. Böning and S. Hüttl (2008): Observed and modeled MOC related flow into the Caribbean, Journal of Geophysical Research

Köhl A. and D. Stammer (2008): Variability of the Meridional Overturning in the North Atlantic from the 50 years GECCO State Estimation, Journal of Physical Oceanography

Köhl A. and D. Stammer (2008): Decadal Sea Level Changes in the 50-Year GECCO Ocean synthesis, Journal of Climate

LeBel, D. A., W. M. Smethie Jr., M. Rhein, D. Kieke, R. A. Fine, J. L. Bullister, D.-H. Min, W. Roether, R. F. Weiss, C. Andrie, D. Smythe-Wright, and E. P. Jones (2008): The formation rate of North Atlantic Deep Water and Eighteen Degree Water calculated from CFC-11 inventories observed during WOCE, Deep-Sea Research Part I

Østerhus, S., T. Sherwin, D. Quadfasel, and B. Hansen (2008): The overflow transport east of Iceland. In: Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Northern Seas in Climate, Springer

Park W. and M. Latif (2008): Multidecadal and Multicentennial Variability of the Meridional Overturning Circulation, Geophysical Research Letters

Rabe B., F. A. Schott and A. Köhl (2008): Mean Circulation and Variability of the Tropical Atlantic during1952–2001 in the GECCO Assimilation Fields, Journal of Physical Oceanography

Semenov V. and M. Latif, J. Jungclaus, and W. Park (2008): Is the observed NAO variability during the instrumental record unusual?, Geophysical Research Letters

Stammer, D., and S. Hüttemann (2008): Response of Regional Sea Level to Atmospheric Pressure Loading in Climate Change Scenarios, Journal of Climate

Stammer, D. (2008): Response of the global ocean to Greenland and Antarctic ice melting, Journal of Geophysical Research

Stöber,U., M. Walter, C. Mertens, and M. Rhein (2008): Mixing estimates from hydrographic measurements in the Deep Western Boundary Current of the North Atlantic, Deep-Sea Research

von Schuckmann, K., P. Brandt, and C. Eden (2008): Generation of Tropical Instability Waves in the Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research

2007

Bengtson, L., P. Arkin, P. Berrisford, P. Bougeault, C. K. Folland, C. Gordon, K. Haines, K. I. Hodges, P. Jones, P. Kallberg, N. Rayner, A. J. Simmons, D. Stammer, P. W. Thorne, S. Uppala and R. S. Vose (2007): The Need for a Dynamical Climate Reanalysis, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Dickson, R. R., B. Rudels, S. Dye, M. Karcher, J. Meincke and I. Yashayaev (2007): Current Estimates of Freshwater Flux through Arctic & Subarctic seas, Progress in Oceanography

Dorn, W., K. Dethloff, A. Rinke, S. Frickenhaus, R. Gerdes, M. Karcher, F. Kauker (2007): Sensitivities and uncertainties in a coupled regional atmosphere-ocean-ice model with respect to the simulation of Arctic sea ice, Journal of Geophysical Research

Häkkinen, S., F. Dupont, M. Karcher, F. Kauker and J. Zhang (2007): Model simulation of Greenland Sea upper-ocean variability, Journal of Geophysical Research

Holloway, G., F. Dupont, E. Golubeva, S. Häkkinen, E. Hunke, M. Karcher, F. Kauker, M. Maltrud, M. Morales Maqueda, W. Maslowski, G. Platov, D. Stark, M. Steele, D. Worthen and J. Zhang (2007): Water properties and circulation in Arctic Ocean models, Journal of Geophysical Research

Karcher, M., F. Kauker, R. Gerdes, E. Hunke and J. Zhang (2007): On the Dynamics of Atlantic Water circulation in the Arctic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research

Kieke, D., M. Rhein, L. Stramma, W. M. Smethie, J. L. Bullister, and D. A. LeBel (2007): Changes in the pool of Labrador Sea Water in the subpolar North Atlantic, Geophysical Research Letters

Köhl A. (2007): Generation and stability of a quasi-permanent vortex in the Lofoten Basin, Journal of Physical Oceanography

Köhl, A., D. Stammer, and B. Cornuelle (2007): Interannual to Decadal Changes in the ECCO Global Synthesis, Journal of Physical Oceanography

Köhl, A., R.H. Käse, D. Stammer, and N. Serra (2007): Causes of changes in the Denmark Strait Overflow, Journal of Physical Oceanography

Latif, M., C. Böning, J. Willebrand, A. Biastoch, F. Alvarez, and N. Keenlyside (2007): Decadal to Multidecadal Variability of the Atlantic MOC: Mechanisms and Predictability, AGU Geophysical Monograph 173 “Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and Impacts – Past and Future Changes of Meridional Overturning”

Meehl, M. C. Covey, T. Delworth, M. Latif, B. McAvaney, J. Mitchell, R. Stouffer, and K. Taylor (2007): The WCRP CMIP3 multi-model dataset: A new era in climate change research, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Quadfasel, D., and R. Käse (2007): Present-day Manifestation of the Nordic Overflows , Ocean circulation: past and future changes of meridional overturning, AGU Geophysical Monograph 173 “Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and Impacts – Past and Future Changes of Meridional Overturning”

Rhein, M., D. Kieke, and R. Steinfeldt (2007): Ventilation of Upper Labrador Sea Water, 2003-2005, Geophysical Research Letters

Schneider, B., M. Latif, and A. Schmittner (2007): Evaluation of different methods to assess model projections of the future evolution of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Journal of Climate

Schmittner, J. Chiang, and S. Hemming, Editors (2007): Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and Impacts—Past and Future Changes of Meridional Overturning, Geophysical Monograph Series

Smethie Jr., W. M., D. A. LeBel. R. A. Fine, M. Rhein, and D. Kieke (2007): Strength and variability of the deep limb of the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation from chlorofluorocarbon inventories, AGU Geophysical Monograph 173 “Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and Impacts – Past and Future Changes of Meridional Overturning”

Stammer, D., A. Köhl, and C. Wunsch (2007): Impact of accurate geoid fields on estimates of the ocean circulation, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology